While it seems to be proved that the earliest plantations date back to the Roman conquest, the first documents that confirm the existence of vineyards in Madrid were drawn up in the twelfth century. For hundreds of years wine was the most important item of agricultural production after grain, and its future development would be determined by the city's capital status.
The twentieth century, in particular the decade of the eighties, marked a significant change in the Spanish wine industry, a change to which Madrid also had to adjust: the story of the so-called ‘new Madrid wine’ officially concluded in November 1990 when the Wines of Madrid Designation of Origin.
At present the Madrid Community grows 8,390.85 hectares of vineyards in 58 towns, spread across 3 sub-areas of production in the south of the region: Arganda, Navalcarnero and San Martín de Valdeiglesias. These support 44 wineries that sell around four million bottles of wine a year.