Wine varieties

According to the most reliable information we have so far, the rudimentary cultivation of vines to obtain their pleasant juice began approximately seven thousand years ago on the impressive slopes of the mountain range that the Romans called ‘land's end’ and which occupied the foothills of the Caucasus, east of the Black Sea, the present area of Georgia and Turkey.

Even though it extended in the only direction possible, which was south, towards the fertile plains of Mesopotamia and from there east, to India and China, it was on the shores of the Mediterranean that it would find the promised land. From then on, developed by Greeks and especially by Romans, it would enjoy a privileged position for centuries.

In spite of its rustic wintry appearance, dry and forlorn, its bark conceals a vigorous sap that once the cold season is over fills it with life, providing it with an attractive foliage and a valued fruit that generates the wine—the grape. In order to learn about our wines we must approach the vines that grow in the soil and climate of Madrid.

Syrah

Even though legend has it that it originated in the lands of ancient Persia, the grapevine in our vineyards seems to come from the Rhone Valley.

VARIETY: Authorized

TYPE: Red

SUB-AREAS: Arganda, Navalcarnero, San Martín de Valdeiglesias

Petit Verdot

This is one of the most famous varieties of the French region of Bordeaux that proves how a grapevine can extend its oenological possibilities when planted in other vineyards.

VARIETY: Authorized

TYPE: Red

SUB-AREAS: Arganda, Navalcarnero, San Martín de Valdeiglesias

Merlot

Despite having been a secondary variety up until the nineteenth century, today it is one of the most popular, only surpassed by Cabernet Sauvignon, also from Bordeaux.

VARIETY: Authorized

TYPE: Red

SUB-AREAS: Arganda, Navalcarnero, San Martín de Valdeiglesias

Graciano

After proving its complementary nature, i.e. its aging capacity and complex aromatic qualities, this autochthonous and still not too frequent vine has a promising future.

VARIETY: Authorized

TYPE: Red

SUB-AREAS: Arganda, Navalcarnero, San Martín de Valdeiglesias

Garnacha Tintorera • Negral

This is one of the few varieties of grape with red pulp, which makes it a key element in the making of the best of Spanish red wines.

VARIETY: Authorized

TYPE: Red

SUB-AREAS: Arganda, Navalcarnero, San Martín de Valdeiglesias

Cabernet Sauvignon

What was formerly known as ‘faultless grape’ from the French region of Bordeaux can be found today in the vineyards of all the producing countries.

VARIETY: Authorized

TYPE: Red

SUB-AREAS: Arganda, Navalcarnero, San Martín de Valdeiglesias

Torrontés • Alarije

This is one of the varieties cultivated in Spain from ancient times, the origin of which seem to stem from the vines of Extremadura.

VARIETY: Authorized

TYPE: White

SUB-AREAS: Arganda, Navalcarnero, San Martín de Valdeiglesias

Sauvignon Blanc

After Chardonnay, it is considered one of the most common and highly valued varieties of white grape of French origin in the vineyards of producing countries.

VARIETY: Authorized

TYPE: White

SUB-AREAS: Arganda, Navalcarnero, San Martín de Valdeiglesias

Parellada

Even though it continues to be present to a greater degree in Catalan vineyards, other wine-producing areas have recognised its virtues, which are not restricted to the making of sparkling wines.

VARIETY: Authorized

TYPE: White

SUB-AREAS: Arganda, Navalcarnero, San Martín de Valdeiglesias

Moscatel grano menudo

Its high level of terpenes, compounds in the grape that remain almost invariable in the wine, make it one of the most aromatic in wine-making worldwide.

VARIETY: Authorized

TYPE: White

SUB-AREAS: Arganda, Navalcarnero, San Martín de Valdeiglesias

Macabeo • Viura

Blended with Xarel•lo and Parellada it forms the three varieties that make up our most international of sparkling wines, cava.

VARIETY: Authorized

TYPE: White

SUB-AREAS: Arganda, Navalcarnero, San Martín de Valdeiglesias

Airén

In the world map of wine-producing countries, this is the variety of white grape that occupies a greater surface area, and makes the largest amount of single-variety wine.

VARIETY: Authorized

TYPE: White

SUB-AREAS: Arganda, Navalcarnero, San Martín de Valdeiglesias

Tempranillo · Tinto fino

Although its etymology has over centuries provoked numerous confusions with other varieties of early maturing, it is the chief responsible for the reputation of Spanish wines.

VARIETY: Preferred

TYPE: Red

SUB-AREAS: Arganda, Navalcarnero, San Martín de Valdeiglesias

Garnacha tinta

Although it has not always been equally considered on account of its tendency to oxidise, thanks to the latest technological advances it now fully expresses its oenological properties.

VARIETY: Preferred

TYPE: Red

SUB-AREAS: Navalcarnero, San Martín de Valdeiglesias

Malvar

Its origins, directly linked to the southern lands of Madrid and bordering areas, make it one of the preferred varieties of the Wines of Madrid D.O.

VARIETY: Preferred

TYPE: White

SUB-AREAS: Arganda, Navalcarnero

Albillo real

For many foreign experts this is one of the best-kept secrets of Spanish wines, for it is almost impossible to produce beyond our frontiers.

VARIETY: Preferred

TYPE: White

SUB-AREAS: San Martín de Valdeiglesias